EMP is an nuclear electromagnetic pulse that bursts due to radiation caused by nuclear explosions. Different weapons have been developed to deliver the damaging effects of high energy EMP. These burst are invisible they occur naturally in nature during a lightning strike and hence cause electrical disruptions nearby. Nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid these are the possible outcomes incase the nuclear bursts happens.
There are various factors that cause nuclear electromagnetic pulse burst including detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit. Nuclear explosion is a very rare occurrence unless set up for terrorist attacks. Solar flare mostly happen though it is harmless not unless it is in extreme. There are some electronic equipment’s that are most susceptible to EMP they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electrical energy is the most used source of energy it is used in all the industries in communication , transport, food production and preservation both for commercial and domestic use. There are various ways in which one should prepare for nuclear magnetic burst this is a time where there is blackout hence the electrical energy is not available hence repairing non electrical equipment is of importance starting with the cook the radio battery , iron box and others. To ensure smooth time during the blackout it is good to ensure that equipments made of a semiconductor are avoided as much as possible where one cannot do without them it is good to check the voltage levels to ensure that they are rated to maximum voltage and currents of about ten times. Use large ferrite beads on power wiring, provide battery backup power for essential equipments. Use of faraday cage or bag this is any conductive structure that protects its content from electricity pulses. Use of CB radios and walkie talkies to communicate. It is advisable to use ones own source of power by use of other energy sources like use of biogas and solar panels among others. Grow food crops to get a food supply source. It is advisable not to rely on food production industries to avoid running out of food.
Care should be taken when designing electrical equipments and when doing wiring the following measures should be put into place shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground